調查:每份獎學金可助26人

Singtao Daily

(星島日報報道)高等教育獎學金的影響力,遠遠不止得主本身。一項研究中國、印度及菲律賓獎學金的調查發現,六成七人受益人認同獎學金減輕家庭經濟負擔,每份獎學金平均改善二十六人的生活。研究機構指,獎學金有助減少學生在外賺取學費及生活費,對提升其生活質素有幫助,但今次調查未研究本港情況。

亞洲公益事業研究中心在去年六月,利用問卷調查及深入訪談的方式,訪問中國新華愛心教育基金會、印度塔塔慈善信託基金(Tata Trust)及菲律賓Aboitiz基金會,三個機構頒發獎學金逾八百名得主,發現每份獎學金平均改善二十六人的生活,六成七受益者因獎學金緣故,得以接受高等教育;六成人希望日後能參與社會工作及回報社會。

中心行政總裁夏露萍(Ruth A Shapiro)指,八成四中國學生、四成印度學生,以半工讀方式支持家庭財政。機構副研究員張嘉瑋分析,每份獎學金牽涉不同家庭,減少學生在外賺取學費及生活費時間,令他們生活質素得以提升。他又稱,全球私人慈善基金對教育的資助中,三成來自亞洲,但因中國、印度及菲律賓多有貧困學生,較能反映獎學金的效用,故未有研究香港有關數據。

 

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有機構研究獎學金影響力 發現1份獎學金可助26人

Hong Kong 01

獎學金有助低收入學生進入高等教育,惟未有研究實際效用及影響力。亞洲公益事業研究中心(CAPS)去年就進行了一項有關大學獎學金影響力的研究,發現一份獎學金平均能夠改善26人的生活。中心指,獎學金除了能幫助該名學生獲得更好的就業機會、改善人際網絡外,還能惠及家人,另因受惠者通常會幫助他人、回饋社會,故實際受益者可達26人。

研究並發現,獎學金更有助學生建立自信及促進個人成長,一位中國獎學金得主表示,「作爲一個來自鄉郊的學生,我一直感到自卑。身為獎學金得主,令我增加自信,我知道自己也可以發光發亮。」

 

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Who’s Doing Good?

20 August 2018 - 26 August 2018

THE GIVERS

Chinese billionaire shares his story of donating for brain research. Shanda Investment Group founder Chen Tianqiao has dedicated US$1 billion to help with brain research, saying that a better understanding of how the brain works could help better treat mental disorders and neurodegenerative diseases. His donations include a US$115 million gift to the California Institute of Technology and a 500 million yuan (approximately US$72.9 million) to the Fudan University-affiliated Huashan Hospital. In this interview with Bloomberg, Chen shares his thought on the field of brain research and his philanthropy.

THE THINKERS

New financial disclosure requirement brings further confusion to the charitable sector in Hong Kong. Vincent Cheng (CAPS) analyzes the Hong Kong government’s requirement stipulating all charities to release audited financial accounts of their public fundraising activities. Intended to address public concerns over costly charity fundraisers, he believes the measure will instead further deepen public misperception and mistrust of overhead costs, and penalize less established charities with an even greater administrative burden. For the English version, click here.

Corporate giving – when cash isn’t always best. Cash continues to be the preferred form of giving for the company in Singapore, with perceptions that larger the monetary donation the merrier, a program of the National Volunteer & Philanthropy Centre finds. SME which makes up over 90% of enterprises in Singapore suffer from this mindset, leaving them feeling like they have nothing to give. But the trend is gradually shifting in a healthy way. Companies are found to diversify their engagement with charities, such as in-kind donations, purchase of goods and service from non-profits, and volunteerism. They are also exploring ways to give more effectively.

Study finds Korean conglomerates’ dominance in the economy, including corporate donations. A new study by the Korea Economic Research Institute found that the 31 largest conglomerates in Korea account for two-thirds of the country’s facilities investment and exports, as well as close to half of research and development investment, donations, and market capitalization. In particular, with 2.4 trillion (approximately US$2.4 billion) in 2016, these companies made up 51.4% of all corporate donations. “The chaebol groups are leading Korea’s economic development and playing an important role in boosting the people’s quality of life,” said Yoo Hwan-ik, the head of innovative growth at the institute.

THE NONPROFITS

Chinese NGOs to offer its development model abroad. A MoU between China NGO Network for International Exchanges and Social Welfare Council (SWC) of Nepal has initiated a deal to allow 30 Chinese NGOs to enter Nepal. This deal is seen to be a part of China’s “Going Global” formulated in 2001 to further its “public diplomacy” abroad. Chinese NGOs, such as One Foundation, and the Amity Foundation, first entered Nepal in 2015 to support victims of a mega-earthquake.

THE BUSINESSES

Apple donates US$1M to Kerala flood relief efforts. After opening iTunes’ donation mechanism earlier this week to help victims of the Kerala floods in India, Apple pledged Rs 7 crores (approximately US$1 million) to support Mercy Corps efforts in the region. Apple has in the past made direct contributions to relief and rehabilitation efforts, including a US$2 million donation for Hurricane Harvey relief, and US$1 million for last year’s Southern California wildfires. The company also donated US$1 million to a Chinese NGO after heavy rains caused massive flooding along the Yangtze river in 2016.

First National CSR Awards in India now opens for nominations. The Corporate Affairs Ministry of India has invited entries for nominations for the first-ever National CSR Awards. “MCA has instituted National CSR Awards 2018 to recognize corporate initiatives in the area of CSR to achieve inclusive growth along with inclusive and sustainable development,” the Ministry said. The enactment of Companies Act, 2013 has made the CSR mandate a part of corporate functioning.

THE INNOVATORS

Crowdera: This crowdfunding platform is creating a ‘giving economy’ by connecting do-gooders with those in need. India is well-versed with the concept of crowdfunding, especially when it comes to seeking aid in the form of donations during medical emergencies and natural calamities. Crowdera has launched the latest efforts “Stand with Kerala”, where the Chief Minister’s Distress Relief Fund is accepting donations made through Internet banking, RuPay cards, Paytm and bank transfers. The startup is also working to make fundraising “a sustainable process”, so that, in a year or a two, fund-seekers can look at previous donors on the platform for further fundraises.

THE VOLUNTEERS

Korean Air volunteers build homes in Bicol, Philippines. Korean Air’s volunteer group “Didimdol” flew to the Bicol region of Philippines to volunteer for the local community. They helped the local residents of the village to build homes as well as provide free meals at the slum areas and elementary schools. As one of the world’s top 20 airlines, Korean Air continuously supports global volunteer activities in order to perform its corporate social responsibility.

THE TRUSTBREAKERS

Japanese charity telethon faces criticism over squanders on charitable donations. People—with great goodwill—donate money to support charitable endeavors. To their dismay, they soon find out that a considerable portion of their donation does not go to the intended cause. The donor feels deceived. This was the case of Nippon TV’s charity telethon, “24-Hour Television”, which raises money for charitable causes. Much of the 7 billion yen (approximately US$ 63 million) raised last year is said to be deducted for production expenses: two emcees of the show last year were allegedly paid 5 million yen (approximately US$50,000) each, and a celebrity “volunteer” was paid 10 million yen (approximately US$90,000) to participate in the show. Many deemed the show hypocritical.

研究指香港慈善事业整体向好发展

Hong Kong China News Agency

香港中通社8月13日电 (王来仪 张瑞丝)亚洲慈善事业与社会中心(Centre for Asian Philanthropy and Society)13日公佈一项指数(Doing Good Index 2018)表明,香港慈善事业在亚洲地区呈现整体向好发展趋势。

据介绍,该指数对1579个亚洲社会慈善组织及80位慈善行业专家进行调查。根据规章条例、税收及財政政策、生態系统和资源获取四个方面,將15个亚洲国家及地区的慈善事业发展情况划分为4个梯级,希望推进亚洲慈善事业发展。

指数显示,日本、新加坡和台湾地区位列第一梯级,慈善事业发展良好;香港与韩国、泰国等国家及地区位列第二梯级,意味著慈善事业正向好发展。但研究指出,没有任何一个经济体充分发挥其潜力,均有较大进步空间。

调查指,高达97%的香港慈善机构建立了董事会,其中87%的董事会成员具有企业经验,亦有64%的香港慈善机构招募志愿者。

亚洲协会香港中心主席陈启宗指出,香港民眾普遍慷慨,其中不乏像田家炳一样低调的慈善家,一生投身於教育事业,成为年轻企业家的模範;更有慈善人士根据个人爱好在艺术、音乐等领域捐款,极大促进相关行业发展。

然而,香港民眾对社会慈善组织缺乏信任,成为影响个人向慈善机构捐赠的首要因素。调查指,49%的香港民眾认为本地慈善组织可信,其余香港民眾则持不確定或否定態度。

亚洲慈善事业与社会中心首席执行官路德·夏皮罗指出,目前香港慈善事业发展存在的问题主要包括,香港慈善组织尚未制定完善的註册及监管计划;特区政府对慈善捐赠的税收减免力度仍有待提升;特区政府还需更多配合民眾的慈善行为等。

她建议,特区政府未来可简化设立慈善组织的程序;加强慈善组织的能力建设;提高免税慈善机构的信息透明度;加大对慈善机构的税收减免力度,从而促进捐赠者与捐赠企业实施善举。

陈启宗则认为,香港的慈善行业缺乏对善款流向的监督,未来应明確捐赠目標及有效利用善款,使善款真正去到需要的人手中。(完)

 

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