Japan’s Civil Society from Kobe to Tohoku: Impact of Policy Changes on Government­-NGO Relationship and Effectiveness of Post-­Disaster Relief

Harvard University

This article explores the development of Japan’s civil society through the lens of citizen volunteerism and the role of nonprofits in natural disaster relief and reconstruction efforts. The development of civil society organizations in Japan occurred relatively late compared to Western countries. However, their numbers and civil society activism as a whole have surged in recent decades. The article explores the changing relationship between the state and civil society in Japan in light of these trends. Read it here.

Sustainable Finance in Japan

Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI)

This report examines the role of sustainable finance and investment in addressing climate change in Japan. It also discusses how the country can transition into a low-carbon economy. Policy recommendations for aligning the country’s finance sector with sustainable development and the Paris agreement are included. Read it here.

Dangers to Going It Alone: Social Capital and the Origins of Community Resilience in the Philippines

Greg Bankoff (Continuity and Change, Cambridge University Press)

This paper explores the evolution of mutual benefit associations and networks in the Philippines. It draws a comparison between the factors contributing to the decline of civil society in the United States and the same forces at work in the Philippines which led to the opposite outcome. It suggests that these associations and networks proliferate quickest in geographic regions most exposed to personal misfortune and community danger i.e. where the need is highest. Read it here.

Ways to Achieve Green Asia

Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI)

This publication provides a comprehensive overview of the environmental challenges Asia faces and the economic impact of climate change. It analyzes environmental regulations, governance and evaluation methodologies, and the growth of carbon markets in the region. Informative case studies on China and India are included. Read it here.

Business for Good in East Asia

Stanford Social Innovation Review (SSIR) & Leping Social Entrepreneur Foundation

This collection of articles examines the cross-sector collaborations driving social development and innovation in East Asia. Collaborative models deployed in China, Japan, Korea and Singapore are also discussed. Read it here.

Scaling Social Innovation in South Asia

Stanford Social Innovation Review (SSIR), BRAC & The Rockefeller Foundation

This collection of articles examines the lessons that BRAC and other leading social organizations have learned about successfully scaling social innovation in South Asia. The financial, political and organizational barriers that inhibit scaling are also discussed. Read it here.

Responding to Covid-19: Who’s Doing Good?

06 April 2020 - 13 April 2020

THE GIVERS
Individuals and foundations are donating supplies and funding initiatives supporting hard-hit communities.

Tanoto Foundation, founded by Indonesia’s Sukanto Tanoto, donated over 1 million gloves, 1 million masks, 100,000 coveralls, and 3,000 goggles to the national Covid-19 taskforce. The equipment will be distributed to hospitals in Jakarta, Medan in North Sumatera, and Pekanbaru in Riau.

Chaudhary Foundation has handed over 1,000 PCR testing kits to Nepal’s government to help accelerate the country’s efforts to mitigate Covid-19. The Foundation’s chairman, Binod Chaudhary, underscored the importance of collaboration with the government to contain the pandemic. The Foundation has also provided PPE and medical equipment to 48 health posts of seven provinces in Nepal. 

Sundar Pichai, chief executive officer of Google, donated Rs5 crore (approximately US$700,000) to nonprofit GiveIndia, matching an earlier donation from Google to GiveIndia. Google has set aside a total of US$800 million to help fight Covid-19 globally.

Kim Beom-su, founder and chairman of online company Kakao, donated his stocks worth ₩2 billion (approximately US$2 million) to help combat Covid-19 in Korea, and the company is matching the donation. Kakao has also been aiding Covid-19 relief efforts through its platform Together, and has raised approximately US$4 million as of April 7th.

In Korea, around 200 celebrities have contributed a total of over US$8 million in donations. K-pop groups are also spurring more donations to relief efforts. After K-pop group BTS singer SUGA donated ₩100 million (US$80,600) to Hope Bridge Korea Disaster Relief Association, 11,000 fans followed suit and donated a total of around US$500,000.

Government-led Covid-19 Funds in South Asia continue to see donations from local and foreign donors. Pakistani expats answer Prime Minister Imran Khan’s appeal for donations, with 900 expats donating a total of Rs45 million (approximately US$300,000) to the Prime Minister’s Covid-19 Relief Fund via the Ministry of Overseas Pakistanis and Human Resource Development’s online donation portal. Sri Lanka’s Covid-19 Healthcare and Social Security Fund established by President Gotabaya Rajapaksa has now reached Rs517 million (approximately US$3 million). India’s PM Cares Fund saw donations of US$13.2 billion from Prosus and US$13.2 million from JSW Group.

THE NONPROFITS
Charities are stepping up their operations and joining forces to serve communities affected by Covid-19.

Covid-19 and Chinese Civil Society’s Response. Stanford Social Innovation Review gives insight into the response from nonprofits, foundations, and businesses in China to Covid-19 and how civil society organizations from other regions can replicate their success.

India’s nonprofits are working closely with government to reach the most vulnerable communities during Covid-19, including NGO SEEDS, Akshaya Patra Foundation, Wishes and Blessings, and NGO Fuel.

EMpower (Emerging Markets Foundation), a global philanthropic organization, is working with a number of organizations on Covid-19 responses, such as the Teach Unlimited Foundation in Hong Kong and YKB in Indonesia, as well as providing flexible support to their grantees. The organization is also running the series #storiesofresilience, in which it features its partners who are helping fight Covid-19, such as the Indian NGO Saath.

THE BUSINESSES
Companies are funding relief efforts, supporting innovative startups, and leveraging their own resources to contribute to the fight against Covid-19.

Funding relief and vaccination efforts.

China Evergrande Group has set up a US$115 million effort that will support more than 80 researchers at top universities in Boston, including Harvard and MIT, and local biotechnology companies, to support research related to mitigating Covid-19.

Philippine Disaster Resilience Foundation (PDRF), a private sector disaster risk reduction and management network, raised around US$31 million in donations through its Project Ugnayan. This week PDRF announced that the project has reached over 7.6 million beneficiaries in Greater Metro Manila poor communities in just over three weeks.

TikTok, the Chinese video sharing platform, donated US$6.28 million for the government of Indonesia to buy protective equipment for front-line healthcare workers.

India’s Jaypee Group contributed Rs4.22 crore (over US$500,000) to the fight against Covid-19. This includes contributions to the PM Cares Fund, Uttar Pradesh CM CARE Fund, Madhya Pradesh CM CARE Fund, and Uttrakhand CM CARE Fund.

Supporting start-ups.

Singtel Group has set forth a Special Pandemic Support Grant as part of its Singtel Future Makers program. The cash support will go towards promising start-ups with innovative technological solutions that help the social sector tackle the challenges posed by Covid-19. Successful applicants will have the opportunity to join the main program with other Singtel Future Makers 2020 finalists addressing other themes and challenges in the latter half of 2020. 

Impact Investment Exchange (IIX) is launching its Emergency Financing Facility, a revolving fund to provide grants and working capital loans to select high-impact SMEs. IIX surveys indicate that over 74.4% of SMEs in its network will require additional capital in the coming months in order to stay on course with their growth and impact plans.

Leveraging and donating their own resources.

35 Indonesian manufacturers are ramping up capacity to produce more than 18 million pieces of Covid-19 protective gear by early May. Many are redeploying raw materials used for manufacturing other products towards making the gear. Examples include PT Pan Brothers, which has shifted its usual garment production to manufacture 10 million cloth masks every month; and garment manufacturer PT Sritex, which plans to increase its protective gear production to a monthly 1 million pieces from the current 150,000 units.

Vietnam’s Vingroup is producing ventilators through two of its subsidiaries. Vinfast, its automaker, and Vinsmart, its electronics arm, are shifting their production lines to produce 10,000 ventilators per month. Vingroup also committed US$4.3 million for medical equipment and testing through the Vietnam Fatherland Front Central Committee. Its retail arm, Vincom, also allocated US$13 million to support its tenants during Covid-19.

Huawei Malaysia donated four technology solutions to the Ministry of Health to aid communication between public health experts, front-line healthcare workers, public hospitals, and government as the country fights Covid-19.

Philippines’ financial industry and NGO groups have partnered for faster Covid-19 subsidy delivery. The joint initiative between NGOs, rural banks, cooperatives, and companies aims to provide alternative options to quickly disburse the government’s over P200 billion (approximately US$4 billion) emergency subsidy to over 18 million families.

Singapore gaming company Razer announced that it will set up Singapore’s first fully automated mask production. Other Singaporean firms, Frasers Property, JustCo, and PBA Group are supporting Razer’s initiative.

Thailand’s Charoen Pokphand Group invested US$3 million to build a factory in Bangkok to produce 100,000 surgical face masks per day to donate to healthcare workers. The group is also providing free food delivery to patients and staff at more than 40 hospitals across Thailand.

Indonesian food group Mayora pledged to donate 1 million masks, 1 million water bottles, and 1 million biscuit packs to medical front-liners across Indonesia.

CJ Indonesia, the Indonesian arm of Korean CJ Corporation, donated test kits, hand sanitizer, and food and milk packages worth US$255,000 to healthcare facilities and motorcycle taxi drivers, who are impacted by the government’s social restrictions amidst Covid-19.

THE VOLUNTEERS

While Bangladeshi celebrities are helping with resources and awareness, student-led voluntary organizations are supporting communities on the ground. For example, at the beginning of the outbreak, voluntary organization Bidyanondo Foundation sprayed disinfectant in public transport vehicles and made arrangements to feed 200,000 people living in slums in and around Dhaka. Donations from Bangladeshis abroad are also being distributed by volunteer organizations on the ground, for example, through the nonprofit Resource Coordination Network.

THE TRUSTBREAKERS 

In this section, we usually share stories about scandals that are having negative repercussions for the social sector. With the fear and anxiety surrounding Covid-19, there are some trust-breaking stories circulating from price-gouging to faulty medical supplies. Fortunately, the stories of people being constructive during these times far outnumber them. We look forward to bringing more of these positive stories to you in the coming weeks.

We’d also like to hear from you. How is your organization responding to Covid-19? Email us your stories at research@caps.org

Responding to Covid-19: Who’s Doing Good?

30 March 2020 - 05 April 2020

THE GIVERS
Philanthropists are donating supplies and funding initiatives supporting hard-hit communities.

Azim Premji, one of India’s most generous philanthropists, earmarked Rs1,125 crore (nearly US$150 million) to fight Covid-19. This charitable initiative is a joint effort by his eponymous foundation and Wipro, the IT company he founded. The Azim Premji Foundation is giving US$132 million, Wipro’s commitment is around US$14 million, and Wipro Enterprises around US$4 million. The funds will focus on providing immediate humanitarian aid.

Ratan Tata, Tata Trusts chairman and CAPS advisory board member, took to Twitter after he announced a Rs500 crore (approximately US$66 million) donation. In his message he stated, “In this exceptionally difficult period, I believe that urgent emergency resources need to be deployed to cope with the needs of fighting the Covid-19 crisis, which is one of the toughest challenges the human race will face.” Tata Sons and Tata Trusts have contributed a combined Rs1,500 crore (approximately US$200 million) to the fight against Covid-19.

Jack Ma and Joe Tsai, co-founders of Alibaba, have donated 2.3 million masks, 170,000 pieces of protective gear, and 2,000 ventilators to New York—the US epicenter of the coronavirus pandemic.

THE NONPROFITS
Charities are stepping up their operations and joining forces to serve communities affected by Covid-19.

Meer Foundation, an NGO that works to rehabilitate burn and acid attack survivors and empower women in India, is joining the fight against Covid-19. Along with Ek Saath-The Earth Foundation, it will provide food to over 5,500 families and set up a kitchen to produce 2,000 cooked meals for households and hospitals in India. Meer Foundation and Roti Foundation will provide 300,000 meal kits for 10,000 people per day for at least a month. Meer Foundation will also provide essential items and groceries to over 3,500 wage workers across Delhi.

China NGO Consortium for Covid-19 was jointly launched by foundations (including the Narada Foundation) and local NGOs on February 2, 2020. So far, 67 Chinese foundations and NGOs have joined the consortium to share information and technical knowledge, build the capacity of front-line NGOs, and mobilize funding. The consortium also fosters collaborating to coordinate the social sector’s response to the pandemic.

Singapore’s Community Chest, the fundraising arm of the government’s National Council of Social Service, is giving SG$3,000 (approximately US$2,100) to social service agencies to cope with outbreak-related expenses.

THE BUSINESSES
Companies are setting up their own Covid-19 relief funds, leveraging their resources to contribute to relief efforts, and supporting government initiatives. Others are offering medical supplies, food and beverages, and cash vouchers to affected communities. Companies across Asia are also taking a “business not as usual” approach to help relieve financial stress.

Setting up funds to help combat Covid-19.

Hang Lung Group established the Hang Lung Novel Coronavirus Relief Fund to support a series of volunteering activities to combat Covid-19. This includes delivering health and food kits to over 10,000 beneficiaries in Hong Kong and mainland China. Hang Lung also donated nearly US$1 million from the Fund to Leishenshan Hospital.

Bajaj Group committed Rs100 crore (nearly US$14 million) to the fight against Covid-19 in India. The funding will go towards multiple initiatives including upgrading healthcare infrastructure, testing, and procuring medical equipment. A significant portion will go towards an economic aid program in rural areas, which includes direct survival grants followed by a livelihood intervention using a revolving fund mode. 

Jollibee Group allocated nearly US$20 million for an emergency fund to provide its employees with the needed financial support during the quarantine period enforced in the Philippines. The fund covers all employees of the Group’s offices, stores, commissaries, and logistics centers, including senior citizens and people with disabilities assigned to stores under the joint employment program with local government units.

Gokongwei Group’s philanthropic arm, the Gokongwei Brothers Foundation, established a near US$2 million fund to help fight Covid-19 in the Philippines. Funds are earmarked for front-line healthcare workers and will be distributed among UP Medical Foundation, referral hospitals identified by the Department of Health, and other hospitals at the forefront of the fight against Covid-19. The Foundation has also distributed in-kind donations, including PPE.

The Metrobank and GT Capital Holdings Group of the Ty family pledged a US$4 million fund for initiatives that support the fight against Covid-19 in the Philippines. These initiatives will help produce test kits and purchase PPE for front-line healthcare workers.

Macquarie Group is joining the effort and allocating A$20 million (approximately US$13 million) to the Macquarie Group Foundation to support select nonprofits in their response and relief work for Covid-19. Alongside this, the Foundation is offering flexible funding to its grantees during this time.

Supporting government initiatives.

Aboitiz Group’s Ramon Aboitiz Foundation partnered with the Cebu City government and the Metropolitan Cebu Water District for #HUNAW, a handwashing campaign to help mitigate Covid-19. The initiative includes installing sinks in areas with low water supply and without clean handwashing facilities, as well as deploying handwashing trucks to reach impoverished communities and densely populated informal settlements.

PLDT, one of the Philippines’ largest telecommunications companies, teamed up with the Department of Health to establish an emergency hotline for Covid-19. PLDT chairman and chief executive officer Manuel V. Pangilinan said the collaboration is part of the company’s continuing efforts to fight Covid-19, noting that the hotline can help provide information and enable health authorities to deliver proper patient diagnosis and treatment.

India’s PM CARES fund, the Prime Minister’s Citizen Assistance & Relief in Emergency Situations Fund, has seen significant contributions from India’s private sector. Among the list of donations are: Rs500 crore (approximately US$67 million) from Reliance Industries; Rs400 crore (approximately US$53 million) from Aditya Birla Group; Rs150 crore (approximately US$20 million) from HDFC Group; Rs105 crore (approximately US$14 million) from LIC; and Rs50 crore (US$7 million) from Uday Kotak and Kotak Mahindra Bank.

Bangladesh Association of Banks donated Tk147.73 crore (approximately US$18 million) to the Prime Minister’s Relief and Welfare Fund for purchasing medical equipment to combat Covid-19.

Indonesian conglomerate Bakrie Group donated US$1.2 million to the Covid-19 taskforce led by the government’s National Disaster Mitigation Agency. Bakrie Group CEO and president director Anindya Bakrie stated that his company wanted to contribute to helping the government combat the Covid-19 outbreak in Indonesia as the pandemic had led to a “multi-dimensional crisis”.

Korean conglomerate LG will donate 50,000 diagnostic test kits to Indonesia to help the Indonesian government handle the spread of Covid-19.

Companies are leveraging their resources to help fight Covid-19. Examples include: Godrej Group, which launched the #ProtektIndiaMovement, a nationwide campaign to promote mass awareness around handwashing. As the country’s second-largest soap maker, the Group has pledged to ramp up its production to meet the demand for soap and sanitizers. Indorama Ventures (IVL), the Thai petrochemical company, is accelerating the production of a fiber to make 54 million masks in one month.

Companies are donating PPE, test kits, and other medical equipment to front-line healthcare workers and affected communities. Examples include: Hang Lung Group in Hong Kong and mainland China; Aboitiz Group, SM Group, and Filinvest Development Corp in the Philippines; Chaudhary Group in Nepal; and Sido Muncul and Mayapada Group and the Tahir Foundation in Indonesia.

Companies are donating food, beverages, and cash vouchers to communities affected by quarantine measures, such as low-income families and daily-wage earners. Examples include: Aboitiz Group’s food subsidiary Pilmico, Fruitas Holdings, Manila Water Foundation, Jollibee Group, and San Miguel Corporation in the Philippines; Chaudhary Group in Nepal; Sido Muncul and Mayapada Group and the Tahir Foundation in Indonesia; and Reliance Industries in India. Companies with large numbers of daily-wage earners in their ecosystem, like Zee Group in India, are committing to continuing their pay to ensure that families of daily-wage earners are not severely impacted during Covid-19.

Companies in the Philippines are joining forces through the Philippine Disaster Resilience Foundation (PDRF), a private sector disaster risk reduction and management network. PDRF has partnered with Globe Telecom’s e-wallet service Gcash, Fintech Alliance Philippines, Smart Communications’ e-wallet service Paymaya, and crowdfunding platform Gava Gives to purchase PPE for healthcare institutions. Another example is Project Ugnayan, a fundraising initiative led by top business conglomerates in cooperation with the PDRF and Caritas Manila. The initiative has reached a total of P1.62 billion (approximately US$33 million) in donations to aid those economically displaced by the ongoing Enhanced Community Quarantine in Greater Metro Manila.

Real estate companies are waiving rent so that tenants can lend more financial assistance to their employees. Examples include: SM Supermalls, Gokongwei Group’s Robinsons Land Corp, and Filinvest Lifemalls in the Philippines; and Central Pattana, Phuket Square, and Rangsit Plaza in Thailand.

Banks are setting forth financial relief measures for their customers. The Straits Times shares examples of banks around the world, including in Singapore and Malaysia, that are suspending loan repayments as Covid-19 upends financial stability for many borrowers. Another example is Gokongwei Group’s Robinsons Bank in the Philippines, which is offering its customers an extension of the payment period for their various loan products.

Another company taking a “business not as usual” approach is Coca-Cola Philippines. It canceled all of its commercial advertising activities and dedicated its advertising budget of US$2.94 million to supporting Covid-19 relief and response efforts. The funds will support front-line healthcare workers and economically challenged communities in the Philippines. The company also pledged support to its distributors who serve small sari-sari stores and carinderias.

THE SOCIAL ENTERPRISES
While social enterprises are joining the fight against Covid-19, they’re also bearing the financial brunt of the pandemic.

Malaysian Global Innovation & Creativity Centre surveyed 239 startups and social enterprises in Malaysia on the impact of Covid-19 on their business. About 25% said they will not be able to survive for longer than two more months, and a mere 3% are confident of surviving at all if Covid-19 continues for more than 12 months. When asked about the need for financial aid, 35% said they needed loans, 24% asked for grants or subsidies, and 4% asked for deferment in repayments. However, the majority (75%) were unaware or unsure of the various support instruments or incentives available during this time. For example, Malaysia’s central bank, Bank Negara, and CIMB Bank have both set forth financial relief measures for borrowers.

THE INNOVATORS
Social innovation is leading to new ways to mitigate the spread of Covid-19.

Thai hospitals deploy ‘ninja robots’ to aid coronavirus battles. The robots were first built to monitor recovering stroke patients but have been quickly repurposed to help fight Covid-19. So far, the robots have helped staff at four hospitals in and around Bangkok to reduce the risk of infection by allowing doctors and nurses to speak to patients over video. Later models will be designed to bring food and medicine to patients and to disinfect hospital wards.

THE TRUSTBREAKERS 

In this section, we usually share stories about scandals that are having negative repercussions for the social sector. With the fear and anxiety surrounding Covid-19, there are some trust-breaking stories circulating from price-gouging to faulty medical supplies. Fortunately, the stories of people being constructive during these times far outnumber them. We look forward to bringing more of these positive stories to you in the coming weeks.

RESOURCES

Azim Premji Foundation published a Covid-19 Pandemic Response Plan, a set of guidelines for civil society organizations in India looking to join the fight against Covid-19 and amplify their efforts. The Foundation brought together experts and practitioners from relevant fields to adumbrate areas of response in which organizations can contribute significantly to relief efforts, including assessing critical needs and conducting the “last-mile connect and delivery” of supplies and services to extend the reach of government relief measures.

We’d also like to hear from you. How is your organization responding to Covid-19? Email us your stories at research@caps.org

Responding to Covid-19: Who’s Doing Good?

16 March 2020 - 29 March 2020

THE GIVERS
Philanthropists are funding vaccine research, donating supplies, and setting up funds to support hard-hit communities. Crowdfunding websites in Indonesia and Singapore are also seeing a surge in donations.

Jack Ma, Alibaba co-founder, has donated millions of masks, test kits, and other relief materials to countries around the world. This includes the hardest-hit countries—the United States, Korea, Iran, Spain, and Italy—as well as other countries across EuropeAsia, Latin America, and Africa. Ma’s initiative is a collaboration between his eponymous foundation and Alibaba Foundation. The Jack Ma Foundation pledged US$14.4 million to vaccine research—including US$2.15 million to Australia’s Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity and US$2.15 million to researchers at Columbia University in New York. 

Anand Mahindra, Mahindra Group chairman, offered 100% of his salary to a new Mahindra Foundation fund that will assist hardest-hit communities like small businesses and self-employed individuals.

Lei Jun, Xiaomi CEO, contributed US$1.8 million to relief efforts. The donation went to his home province of Hubei—the epicenter of the outbreak.

Li Ka Shing, Hong Kong tycoon, donated US$13 million to help Wuhan amidst its outbreak. His eponymous foundation also sourced medical supplies for hospital workers in Hong Kong and Wuhan.

The Lee family, which controls Henderson Land Development, set up an anti-epidemic foundation with seed-funding of US$1.4 million.

Adrian Cheng, scion of the family group behind New World Development and Chow Tai Fook Jewellery, donated over US$7 million to nonprofits, schools, and hospital in Hong Kong and Guangzhou.

Indonesian crowdfunding platform Kitabisa sees surge in fundraising campaigns for Covid-19. A total of 513 campaigns have been initiated by public figures, nonprofits, and members of the general public. Total donations amounted to US$1.4 million as of March 23.

Giving.sg, sees 67% spike in donations. More than US$1.5 million was raised on Singapore’s official fundraising site. 15% of the total was raised from campaigns included in the SG United Movement—a government initiative launched on February 20th to streamline contributions to coronavirus-related initiatives.

THE NONPROFITS
Charities in different cities are stepping up their operations and raising money for communities both at home and abroad.

The Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust set up a HK$50 million (approximately US$6.5 million) Covid-19 Emergency Fund to provide emergency support to local communities and mitigate the health and societal impact of the outbreak.

Singapore Red Cross collected donations worth more than US$4.5 million for relief efforts related to the outbreak. Approximately US$1.7 million went to purchasing and distributing protective equipment for hospital staff and other healthcare workers in China. The charity also worked to educate Singaporeans about the outbreak by calling and visiting senior citizens to ease their concerns.

Pakistan’s largest charities, including Al-Khidmat Foundation and Saylani Welfare, are aiding the country’s Covid-19 efforts. Al-Khidmat Foundation is distributing soaps, sanitizers, and face masks across the country, and has designated isolation wards in the 52 charity hospitals it runs. Saylani Welfare has introduced a mobile phone application and telephone service where families in need can register themselves to get rations and supplies.

THE BUSINESSES
Companies are setting up their own Covid-19 relief funds, leveraging their resources to contribute to relief efforts, and supporting government initiatives. Others are donating through charities or donating needed medical supplies. Companies across Asia are also taking a “business not as usual” approach to help relieve financial stress.

Setting up funds to help combat Covid-19.

Tencent announced a US$100 million Global Anti-Pandemic Fund, with an initial focus on sourcing medical supplies for hospitals and healthcare workers. Prior to this global fund, Tencent had also established the China Anti-Pandemic Fund, which had allocated US$211 million towards research, medical supplies, technology support, as well as towards support for frontline workers, patients and their families. 

Alibaba set up a US$144 million fund to source medical supplies for Wuhan and Hubei province.

Godrej Group earmarked a fund of around US$7 million for community support and relief initiatives in India focused on public health.

Swire Group Charitable Trust (Swire Trust) established the HK$3 million (approximately US$400,000) “Community Fund to fight Covid-19” to support NGOs in delivering their services safely amidst the outbreak. Swire Group also donated over US$1.5 million to help combat the outbreak in Hong Kong.

K. Wah International (KWIH) announced a roughly US$500,000 donation through its KWIH Anti-Epidemic Fund for Tung Wah Group of Hospitals (TWGH). The fund will convert part of the Jockey Club Ngai Chun Integrated Vocational Rehabilitation Centre into a surgical mask production factory. TWGH will provide job training for people with disabilities to assist in the production of an estimated 2.2 million surgical masks per month.

Samsung Group raised nearly US$1 billion for an emergency support fund to aid to its subcontractors amidst Covid-19.

HSBC announced a US$25 million Covid-19 donation fund. The money will support international medical response, protect vulnerable communities, and ensure food security around the world. US$15 million will be made available immediately, with the remaining designated for long-term Covid-19 commitments.

Supporting government initiatives.

Unilever Vietnam committed US$2.245 million and partnered with the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education and Training to implement its “Stay Strong Vietnam” initiative. Unilever also pledged to donate 550 tonnes of personal hygiene items, sanitization products, and food products to over 1.6 million people across 3,000 schools, hospitals, and isolated communities.

Petronas contributed nearly US$5 million worth of medical equipment and supplies for medical front-liners in Malaysia through its CSR arm Yayasan Petronas. The contribution will be carried out in stages in collaboration with Malaysia’s Ministry of Health and the National Disaster Management Agency.

Government-Linked Companies (GLCs) and Government-Linked Investment Companies’ (GLICs) Disaster Response Network, is coordinating support from companies to assist the Malaysian Health Ministry in tackling the Covid-19 pandemic. The Disaster Response Network is managed by a joint secretariat led by Yayasan Hasanah, a foundation under Khazanah Nasional, and Telekom Malaysia. Early contributions from GLCs, GLICs, and private sector entities exceed US$9 million.

Malaysian companies including Spanco, DRB-HICOM, MMC Corp, and YTL Corp contributed donations ranging from US$230,000 to US$500,000 to the Covid-19 fund launched by Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin.

11 Filipino-Chinese organizations, led by the Federation of Filipino-Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Industry, announced a donation of nearly US$2 million worth of medical supplies. The donation will help the Philippines’ Department of Health acquire testing kits and other protective equipment.

Tencent joined Baidu and ByteDance to donate a total of US$115 million towards researching new treatments and helping authorities in the most affected areas in China.

Adaro Energy, Indonesia’s major coal producer, gave the government US$1.3 million to help it fight Covid-19 through its task force.

Leveraging their own resources.

Alibaba Cloud, DAMO Academy, and DingTalk together launched a series of AI technologies and cloud-based solutions to support companies and research organizations worldwide.

Mahindra Group offered resorts owned by the company to be used as Covid-19 hospitals. The Group’s chairman announced that the company is prepared to help government efforts. The Group’s engineering team also indigenously developed a prototype for a ventilator that could cost less than US$100 each.

Reliance will make 100,000 masks per day and offer free fuel to emergency vehicles. Reliance’s CSR arm has prepared one of its hospitals in Mumbai to be India’s first 100-bed facility for Covid-19 patients, and is offering free meals in various cities to support affected communities.

New World Development is outfitting a factory to manufacture more than 200,000 masks per day, and it has partnered with a nanotechnology company to research how nanodiamonds can be used to make masks more protective against bacteria and viruses.

Donating through charities or donating supplies.

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs in India announced that the spending of CSR funds towards Covid-19 initiatives is eligible to be counted as CSR activity under the Companies Act. This frees up around US$2 billion in philanthropic capital to go towards combatting Covid-19.

Tata Trusts has committed nearly US$200 million to fight Covid-19. The funds will be used to buy protective equipment for medical workers, respiratory systems, testing kits, as well as for setting up modular treatment facilities for patients.

Shimao Property Holdings donated around US$4 million, via the Red Cross Society of China, to help combat the outbreak.

APP, a subsidiary of Indonesia-based Sinar Mars Group, donated US$14.4 million to the Overseas Chinese Charity Foundation of China.

Huawei contributed to the construction of the Huoshenshan Hospital in Wuhan and donated medical supplies, computer tablets, and other technological equipment to several European countries. This includes 2 million face masks.

Hyundai Motor Group, SK Group, and LG Group donated over US$4 million each to the Community Chest of Korea to assist the hardest-hit city of Daegu and North Gyeongsang province.

Samsung Group donated a combined US$24.6 million to the Korea Disaster Relief Association.

Hana Financial Group, Shinsegae Group, Doosan Group, and CJ Group each offered nearly US$1 million in donations to the Korea Disaster Relief Association.

Lotte Group donated nearly US$1 million, of which US$254,000 went to the Korean Red Cross.

For hard-hit communities, including those in North Gyeongsang province, SK Group’s SK Siltron announced nearly US$400,000 for face masks and hand sanitizers. LG Household & Healthcare announced nearly US$1 million for hand sanitizer. Lotte provided meals and hygienic supplies to welfare facilities and gave sanitization products, food, and daily necessities to lower-income households, senior citizens, and healthcare workers.

SoftBank CEO Masayoshi Son pledged to donate 1 million masks to elderly care facilities and doctors in Japan.

Fast Retailing, the parent company of Uniqlo, is donating 10 million masks to medical institutions in Japan and around the world. It’s also donating garments for medical staff and 1 million masks to countries with high infection rates—including the United States and Italy. 

Shiseido Group donated US$1.43 million to the Shanghai Charity Foundation and US$143,000 to the Charity Foundation of Wuhan. It also announced the Relay of Love Project, which will allocate 1% of the Group’s sales in Asian markets, between February and July this year, as in-house funds to support regions most affected by Covid-19.

Ayeyarwady Foundation together with Max Myanmar Group, AYA Bank, and AYA Sompo Insurance contributed over US$72,000 worth of medical supplies, hospital equipment, and protective materials to Waibargi Hospital and Yankin Children Hospital.

“Business not as usual” approach.

Gojek is offering a stipend to its driver-partners that test positive for Covid-19. Gojek is also extending support to healthcare workers in Indonesia by waiving food delivery fees in areas near hospitals and offering vouchers for trips to and from hospitals and testing centers.

Ayala Group announced around a US$47 million response package to offer financial relief to businesses within its ecosystem. This includes salary continuance for affected employees and partners, as well as rent-free periods for tenants of Ayala malls, which are closed during the community quarantine till April 14.

Bangkok Bank donated over US$300,000 to Thammasat University Field Hospital, the King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital and Thai Red Cross Society. The bank is also introducing financial relief measures such as reducing minimum payment rate for credit card customers to 5%.

CIMB in Malaysia is offering a six-month moratorium for customers on all types of financing payments except for credit cards. Credit card customers can now opt in to convert their outstanding balances into a term loan/financing over a period of up to 36 months.

THE SOCIAL ENTERPRISES
Social enterprises are adjusting their work to address the needs arising from Covid-19.

Hong Kong social enterprises are rising to the occasion to help combat the outbreak. SoapCycling has distributed masks and soap salvaged from local hotels to nearly 3,000 of the city’s street cleaners. Sew On Studio is selling face mask kits with fabric made by the city’s elderly tailors. Rooftop Republic, which usually promotes urban farming, is making washable, eco-friendly masks that can be worn over surgical masks.

Chinese social enterprise Yishan, a data-driven donor advisor, has built a platform for donations towards supporting Covid-19 relief efforts. So far, Yishan has registered over 40,000 grantmakers and 5,000 public charities, who have raised over US$4.5 billion thus far for their efforts in fighting Covid-19.

THE VOLUNTEERS
New volunteers are stepping up and coming together to help their communities during the crisis.

A new generation of volunteers emerges in Wuhan. Amidst the Covid-19 outbreak, ordinary people stepped up and joined forces to take care of emergency needs unmet by an overwhelmed government. Networks of young volunteers were formed over social media to respond to a variety of needs, from sourcing masks for hospitals to driving medical staff to and from work.

THE TRUSTBREAKERS 

In this section, we usually share stories about scandals that are having negative repercussions for the social sector. With the fear and anxiety surrounding Covid-19, there are some trust-breaking stories circulating from price-gouging to faulty medical supplies. Fortunately, the stories of people being constructive during these times far outnumber them. We look forward to bringing more of these positive stories to you in the coming weeks.

RESOURCES
The Covid-19 pandemic has brought much attention to financial markets and businesses, but the nonprofit sector has also been severely impacted in these unprecedented times. These resources offer guidelines for how the sector can weather the storm.

India Development Review highlights five ways funders around the world are helping their partners cope with Covid-19. IDR has also crowdsourced guidelines and practices that social sector organizations—from donors to field workers—are taking in response to Covid-19.

Who’s Doing Good?

02 March 2020 - 15 March 2020

THE GIVERS

Jack Ma to donate test kits, masks to US in fight against coronavirus. Chinese billionaire and Alibaba co-founder Jack Ma announced a donation of 500,000 coronavirus testing kits and 1 million masks to the United States, according to Nikkei Asian Review. Ma’s initiative, a collaboration between his eponymous foundation and Alibaba Foundation, also includes donating relief materials to Japan, Korea, Italy, Iran, and Spain. Ma has also urged for international cooperation and speedy, accurate testing to fight the health crisis. “The pandemic we face today can no longer be resolved by any individual country,” he said in a statement. As the number of cases rise in the United States, American billionaires Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates have also recently announced initiatives to expand testing in their localities.

THE NONPROFITS

Gates Foundation and Wellcome set up US$125 million coronavirus drug fund. The world’s two largest medical research foundations are committing US$50 million each in “seed funding” for a Covid-19 Therapeutics Accelerator, according to Financial Times. Mastercard’s Impact Fund charity is joining the effort with a US$25 million contribution. The Accelerator aims to develop treatments for Covid-19 and serve as a catalyst to draw in more funding. Wellcome director Jeremy Farrar expressed hope that other donors will see the Accelerator as an attractive vehicle to support research and development of Covid-19 treatments. Farrar sits on the board of the Global Preparedness Monitoring Board, which recently estimated that US$1.5 billion will be required for research and development of a portfolio of four Covid-19 treatments. The Accelerator will work with the World Health Organization, governments and the private sector to provide fast and flexible funding at all stages from research to scale-up.

Coronavirus-battered NGOs say Hong Kong’s charity sector needs government aid to keep doing their work, avoid redundancies. A group of larger Hong Kong nonprofits is calling for help as donations decline amid the coronavirus outbreak. The nonprofits told South China Morning Post that the sector is struggling to stay afloat as many fundraising events have had to be cancelled. This comes after a difficult year for nonprofits, who were already facing fundraising challenges amidst last year’s anti-government protests. While the government rolled out a HK$30 billion (approximately US$4 billion) relief package last month, nonprofits are saying the sector—which employs 52,000 people—is not among those benefiting from the relief package. Sue Toomey, executive director of HandsOn Hong Kong, a charity that connect volunteers with community needs, noted “In the same way as the government seems to be acting quickly to help small businesses, we’d like to see similar consideration given to nonprofit organizations.”

Which charities to donate to? Singapore’s new index to help public decide at a glance. Charities in Singapore could be “graded” by next year in a new initiative announced by the Senior Minister of State for Culture, Community, and Youth. The new regulatory compliance indicator is expected to be rolled out next year on the government’s charity portal website. Aiming to help donors make informed choices, the new indicator will show whether a charity has met the minimum 80% regulatory compliance prescribed in the Code of Governance for Charities and IPCs, and whether its audit opinion has been qualified. A national initiative will also be rolled out to encourage legacy giving (planned donation from a person’s assets). The Community Foundation of Singapore’s chief executive underscored its importance, saying, “There are donors interested in making legacy gifts, but they want more knowledge to make informed choices. They want accountability for their gifts and trust is important before they are willing to donate.” An online pledge system will also be introduced, streamlining the process.

THE BUSINESSES

Hong Kong’s social enterprise sector needs HK$40 million (approximately US$5.2 million) relief package to survive coronavirus crisis, government told. Similar to the nonprofit sector in Hong Kong, the social enterprise sector is also seeking assistance. The Hong Kong General Chamber of Social Enterprises (HKGCSE) surveyed 214 social enterprises, around a third of the city’s social enterprise sector, to showcase the challenges social enterprises are facing during the coronavirus outbreak. The survey revealed that nearly 20% had no revenue at all, and one in four had either closed or suspended operations. The average turnover of most companies interviewed more than halved in January and February, compared with the same period last year. With around 40% reporting that their cash flow will only sustain them for less than three months, the HKGCSE is urging the government to phase in a series of measures to help such as HK$80,000 (approximately US$10,000) for each social enterprise which has received government funding, rent waivers, and special subsidies to cover the salaries of handicapped staff. Perhaps in response, the Hong Kong government has just announced a HK$5.6 billion (US$722 million) “Retail Sector Subsidy Scheme” under the “Anti-epidemic Fund,” which is open to applications from social enterprises. The Scheme will provide a one-off subsidy of HK$80,000 to retailers facing financial difficulties amidst the coronavirus outbreak. Retail stores of social enterprises are eligible to apply through the Social Enterprise Business Centre (SEBC).

THE INNOVATORS

United Nations ESCAP and SEAF partner to unlock US$150 million in capital to advance female entrepreneurship in Asia. The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific and the Small Enterprise Assistance Funds (SEAF) have partnered to “catalyze women’s entrepreneurship through impact investing in Asia.” The collaboration aims to unlock growth capital through the development and management of private equity impact funds focused on women. SEAF will launch and manage the SEAF Women’s Economic Empowerment Fund as well as expand SEAF Bangladesh Ventures. ESCAP will support SEAF with technical assistance and grant support. Together the two funds will collectively bring over US$150 million in capital towards catalyzing the women’s entrepreneurship ecosystem in ASEAN and Bangladesh.

THE VOLUNTEERS

Singapore sees spike in donations, volunteers in February. Giving.sg, a fundraising website run by the Singapore’s National Volunteer and Philanthropy Centre (NVPC), supports over 500 organizations in sourcing volunteers and donations. Donations to the site significantly increased last month amid the coronavirus outbreak, raising more than SG$2.2 million (approximately US$1.5 million). According to NVPC, this is 67%, or almost SG$900,000 (approximately US$650,000), more than that raised in the same period last year. The number of people who volunteered through the site in February also rose to over 1,000 volunteer sign-ups, a 10% uptick from February last year, according to Straits Times. The NVPC reported that 15% of the amount raised last month was from its 19 campaigns that are part of the SG United Movement—which the government launched on February 20th—to “streamline contributions to help those affected by the virus outbreak, including linking to coronavirus-related initiatives on the Giving.sg site.”