Asia is home to one-third of the world’s wealth and also to two-thirds of the world’s poor. The confluence of unprecedented wealth and unmet needs gives it both the mandate for and ability to leverage the power of social enterprises.
Our action-oriented study explores how. We identify gaps and quantify needs in funding, mentorship, talent and government support. But we also highlight how enablers—including incubators, accelerators, universities—can continue to support social enterprises. We suggest ways for social entrepreneurs and investors to align expectations in the hope of increasing deal flow and investment into the sector. And we outline how governments can strategize to better support social enterprise ecosystem.
We do this by not only drawing upon a global literature review, but listening to what Asian social enterprises themselves say. We surveyed 584 social enterprises from 6 economies: Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea, Pakistan and Thailand, and profiled China and India. We also interviewed 140 social enterprise founders, incubators, accelerators, investors and government officials in depth. This original data not only informs our insights, it forms a unique repository of evidence in this space. Our data makes it easier to see Asia’s social enterprises as they really are.
As many families and companies are thinking about or starting to invest in social business as well as in incubators and ecosystem organizations, our findings are particularly timely and relevant. The 6 economies we gathered data from have more than 1.2 million social enterprises, and attract at least US$100 million of direct and indirect government spending per year. These economies are understudied, have growing social enterprise sectors with enormous potential, and—most importantly—are diverse enough for our insights to be generalizable to other regions in Asia.